Ten Amazing Functions of the Prostate Gland
The Prostate’s Purpose:
1. Gland: The primary job of the prostate is to produce and
secrete some of the alkaline seminal fluids during ejaculation (about 30-35% of
the semen ejaculate). Being alkaline, the prostate fluid, which is milky whitish
in color, helps the sperm survive in the acidic vaginal environment. The
prostate is considered to be a gland since glands secrete something.
2. Mix Master: The prostate mixes its fluids with those from
the seminal vesicles to transport the sperm made in the testicles. Together
these fluids surge through the prostate into the urethra during ejaculation. The
urethra doubles as the semen tube during ejaculation and as the urine tube from
the bladder, both fluids exiting the tip of the penis. The section of the
urethra that runs through the prostate gland is called the prostatic urethra and
is about 3cm (1) long.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a fluid produced in the prostate, playing
a key role in enabling the sperm to swim into the uterus by keeping the semen in
liquid form. It counteracts the clotting enzyme in the seminal vesicle fluid,
which essentially glues the semen to the woman’s cervix, next to the uterus
entrance inside the vagina. PSA dissolves this glue with its own enzyme so that
the sperm can dash into the uterus and impregnate an egg if it is there.
It is this same PSA that is tested during the PSA blood test, a very
controversial test because of the many factors that can cause the results to
3. Muscle: The prostate is also a muscle that pumps the
semen out through the penis with enough force to enter into the vagina to help
the sperm succeed in reaching the cervix and ensuring procreation of the
4. AH!: An added bonus for males, the pumping action of the
prostate sure feels good, making sex desirable and thus helping procreation.
5. G: The prostate is the male G-spot. Prostate stimulation
can produce an exceptionally strong sexual response and intense orgasm in men
that are receptive to this sexual technique. The ability to control ejaculation
at the prostate can also lead to prolonged orgasms and injaculations where
no semen is expelled. This is done in advanced Taoist and Tantric sexual
practices to contain the sexual energy internally.
6. Filter: The prostate also filters and removes toxins for
protection of the sperm, which enhances the chance of impregnation and ensures
that men seed with the optimum quality of sperm. This is perhaps the prostate’s
most important function and, at the same time, can be one of the main
reasons there is a growing epidemic of prostate disease and cancer as men deal
with more and more toxins in food and the environment.
7. Erections: The prostate erection nerves are responsible
for erections. These nerves trigger the penis to swell and harden with extra
blood flow into it, producing an erection.
If these nerves, which attach to the sides of the prostate, get damaged then
erectile difficulties are guaranteed. That is why many medical prostate
procedures (surgery or radiation)
have an unwanted side effect of erectile difficulties or impotence.
8. Secretions: Prostatic secretions also play a valuable
role by protecting the urethra from urinary tract infections, which seem to be
much more rare in men than women.
9. Valves: The prostate, which surrounds the upper part of
the urethra tube just below the bladder (the prostatic urethra), controls the
flow of urine. It prevents urine from leaving the bladder, except when released
by urination. It also prevents urine from damaging ejaculate during orgasm.
It does this with two small prostatic muscles called sphincters. They act as
gatekeepers with shut-off valves to control and regulate the dual-purpose
urethra tube. These gatekeepers ensure the right fluids flow at the right time
urination or ejaculation. Not a bad design!
One sphincter is located where the bladder and the upper part of the prostate
meet (the internal upper sphincter). When functioning properly, it prevents
urination until it’s time to go and stops seminal fluid from shooting
backwards into the bladder during ejaculation. When damaged, semen is forced
back into the bladder and eventually exits with normal urination. This is known
as retrograde ejaculation and is another possible side effect of prostate
surgery no chance of seeding a woman then!
The second, external lower sphincter is at the base of the prostate and is
subject to our control. It prevents dribbling after peeing and is how we
voluntarily can delay urination when inconvenient to go. Incontinence occurs
when control of either sphincter is damaged and urine leaks or flows
uncontrollably, thus forcing many men with prostate problems to wear adult
It’s easy enough to voluntarily control the lower sphincter and to stop
urine or semen from exiting if you have enough Kegel muscle control, the ability
to squeeze the flow shut. Either one of these sphincter muscles will block the
urine until the urge to pee happens and the timing is right to release and let
the urine flow.
An enlarged prostate or BPH can squeeze the prostatic urethra tube and the
upper or lower sphincter, making urination difficult with a host of unpleasant,
uncontrollable symptoms. BPH surgeries that remove part of the prostate can
easily have side effects of incontinence or retrograde ejaculation.
10. Hormones: The prostate gland contains a crucial enzyme,
5-alpha-reductase. This enzyme converts the hormone testosterone in the body to
DHT (dihydrotestosterone), which is at least ten times more powerful than simple
testosterone. This potent hormone DHT has several purposes including male sexual
drive and function. Over time, a build-up of toxins in the prostate may affect
the production of this enzyme, which is then responsible for the declining sex
drive in men as they age.
DHT and testosterone have mistakenly been targeted as guilty hormones in
prostate problems rather than the excessive rise in modern male estrogen levels,
leading often to medical interventions with serious side effects including lack
of libido. Estrogen levels rise because of the prevalence of estrogens in
factory foods, commercial meats and dairy, and estrogen-mimicking chemicals
present in body-care and household products.
It’s even found in municipal water and some plastic food packaging.
With such a complex gland having so many functions, prostate disease can
wreak havoc on a man’s health. Men would be wise to do all they can to enhance
the health of their prostate an unhealthy prostate can have an enormous
impact on sexual function and simple daily urination.
The prostate is a powerhouse: a remarkable gland with huge repercussions on a
man’s quality of life!
Ronald M Bazar, a Harvard MBA, is a health enthusiast and author of the new
comprehensive book on the prostate called Healthy
Prostate: The Extensive Guide To Prevent and Heal Prostate Problems Including
Prostate Cancer, BPH Enlarged Prostate and Prostatitis, which is
available on Amazon, iTunes, Kindle and more outlets.